Firstly, I would like to introduce the ayah (chapter) from Quran that mentions the month of Ramadan; Juz 2 Surah al –Baqarah, Saheeh international;
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.”
“[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.”
Ramadan is a period of fasting for 30 days, from sunrise to sunset which is compulsory to every Muslim. This is a celebration of the Quran being revealed.